The world of medicine has combined with technology to help enhance the health of a person in more ways than one. Tissue engineering or regenerative medicine is one of the latest and interesting areas of medicine that involves wound healing. This has basically led to the utilization of PRP or platelet-rich plasma in wound healing alone or in combination with some stem cells. Hines Ward, a popular receiver, received PRP treatment for his injury before playing for his team at the Super Bowl, making PRP a topic of interest among a lot of people.
And yet, if you take a close look at the history of PRP treatment, you will see that it has already been used in a wide array of applications. In the past couple of years, PRP treatment is already being done to make healing faster for people who are suffering from muscle strains, ligament strains, arthritis, tendonitis, cartilage defects, and synovitis. Here is a beginner’s guide to PRP injections and treatments if you are wondering how they generally work.
In PRP treatments, platelet-rich plasma is used as an autologous tissue graft or matrix graft. A platelet rich plasma tissue graft is usually composed of a cellular matrix with autologous undifferentiated cells and/or growth factors. The tissue of regeneration and receptor site both matters when it comes to the design of the matrix.
PRP is highly capable of stimulating tissue growth all because of the multiple growth factors that the platelets that it comprises. To be particular, PRP stimulate collagen growth. If you look at your connective tissues with the likes of cartilage and tendons, you will see that they are comprised of collagen. These growth factors lead the undifferentiated cells to the part of the body with injury so their growth can be stimulated.
High concentrations of platelets and growth factors are a must in the preparation of these PRP injections and treatments. Tissue healing will take place at a much faster rate when a good amount of growth factors will be delivered accordingly to the injury site. PRP treatment is very much different from the traditional approach to healing tissue injuries where steroid injections and NSAIDs are used to reduce inflammation yet lessen the healing process.
For proper PRP injection preparation, before platelets are separated accordingly from the whole blood using a specialized centrifuge, 20 cc of whole blood must be withdrawn from the patient. From 20 cc of whole blood, you will get between 2 and 10 cc of PRP. When it comes to getting PRP injections and treatment, people with low platelet count, platelet dysfunction, anemia, and infection are not allowed for them. Getting PRP injections happens in two to three instances with between four and eight weeks of intervals. There may be a need for another PRP treatment depending on the results of the Doppler ultrasound.